Lata Mangeshkar, the vocal tone powering countless heroines’ performances, passed on Sunday in Breach Candy Hospital in Mumbai, India, enthralling decades of Bollywood fans. At the time of hospitalization, she was 92 years old.
Ms. Mangeshkar has left behind a legacy of thousands or even millions of songs, many of which are in Hindi as well as in other Indian languages.
She spent the majority of her career as a playback singer, which really is a vocalist who doesn’t even show onscreen but records a character’s songs and then has them dubbed in afterward.
The Government of India has proclaimed two days of national mourning in honor of the late musician. The national flag will just be hoisted at half-staff from Sunday through Monday, according to a press release issued by India’s Ministry of Home Affairs on Sunday.
Innumerable Indian films used Mangeshkar as a playback vocalist, supplying music to be mimed by actors. Her melodious voice, which might also easily reach a high pitch, had become a staple in practically many Indian families.
Mangeshkar began studying traditional Indian music with her father when she was five. Her father, Deenanath Mangeshkar, is a well-known classical vocalist and stage performer, and his daughter started her singing career by appearing in his musical performances.
At the age of nine, Mangeshkar had her first public appearance, and at the age of thirteen, she recorded her first song. Her father passed away less than a month afterward, and she recorded her first song.
Mangeshkar started working in the Indian film business to support her mother and four younger siblings. Music directors first dismissed her voice, who claimed it was too thin and harsh. By 1948, she’d already provided her voice to a half-dozen pictures.
Voice of the movies
The nightingale of India, Lata Mangeshkar, was born on 28 September 1929 in Madhya Pradesh, India. Because of her father’s position in the classical music scene, she was introduced to many new composers, notably Aman Ali Khan, who led and coached her for several years.
After a succession of hits, Mangeshkar’s career took off, and she became one of the most in-demand playback singers in the country. It is typical in Indian films for the music director to add 8 to 10 melodies that play in sync with the plot.
Singers such as Mangeshkar were enlisted to pre-record the songs, which the actresses would lip-sync, or a sequence presented on screen.
In 1949, she had a significant breakthrough with the film “Mahal.” She sang the well-known “Aayega Aanewala” song.
She won the first Filmfare award for the “Aaja Re Pardesi” song in 1958 from the movie “Madhumati,” and in 1973, her first national film award for the song “Beeti Na Bite” from “Parichay.”
Madan Mohan, Gulzar, R.D. Burman, and A.R. Rahman were some of the best composers and lyricists of the period, and she gave their music and poetry a voice.
Music directors delayed their work to fit her tight timetable while composers produced music with her melodious voice in their minds.
Lata also sang “Aye Mere Watan Ke Logon,” a melody composed to inspire the people of India during the Indo-China disagreement of 1963. It has since become an anthem, with Mangeshkar requesting that it be performed at every performance.
In 2001, she got honored with the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honorary title. She also received the Padma Vibushan, India’s 2nd greatest civilian accolade, in 1999. Mangeshkar has worked in the Indian cinema industry in over five languages.
Lata Mangeshkar has performed in almost 1,300 movies and has sung over 25,000 songs. “Lion,” “Life of Pi,” and “The Hundred-Foot Journey” have all included her music.
Lata Mangeshkar has gradually decreased her workload over the last two decades to only a few films per year. Whenever possible, she avoided the spotlight, preferring to keep her personal life private.